Publications

upcoming
Roberts KE, Rank NE, Dahlhoff E, Stillman J, Williams CM (submitted) Snow modulates winter energy use and cold exposure across an elevation gradient in a montane ectotherm.
in press
Treidel LA, Clark RM, Lopez MT, Williams CM (2021) Physiological demands and nutrient intake modulate a dispersal reproductive trade-off based on age and sex of field crickets. Journal of Experimental Biology.
Osland MJ, Stevens PW, Lamomt MM, Brusca RC, Hart KM, Waddle JH, Langtimm CA, Williams CM, Keim BD, Terando AJ, Reyeier EA, Marshall KE, Loik ME, Boucek RE, Lewis AB, Seminoff JA. (2021) Tropicalization of temperate ecosystems in North America: the northward range expansion of tropical organisms in response to warming winter temperatures. Global Change Biol. Article link
2021
Buckley LB, Schoville SD, Williams CM (2021) Shifts in the relative fitness contributions of fecundity and survival in variable and changing environments. J Experimental Biology. 224: 1:9 Special issue: Predicting the future: species survival in a changing world. 
2020
Wilsterman KA, Ballinger M, Williams CM (2020). A unifying ecophysiological framework for animal dormancy. Functional Ecology. 35(1):11-31
Marshall KE, Gotthard K, Williams CM (2020) Evolutionary impacts of winter climate change on insects. Current Opinion in Insect Science. 41:54-62
Sun B-J, Huebner C, Treidel LA, Clark R, Kenagy GJ, Williams CM (2020) Nocturnal dispersal flight of crickets: behavioural and physiological responses to cool environmental temperatures. Functional Ecology. 34:1907-1920
Brandt EE, Roberts KT, Williams CM, Elias DO. (2020) Low temperatures impact distributions of spiders along an elevational cline. Journal of Insect Physiology. 102:104037.
2018
Sun B-J, Ma L, Li S-R, Williams CM, Wan g Y, Hao X, Du W-G (2018) Phenology and the physiological niche are co-adapted in a desert-dwelling lizard. Functional Ecology. 34:1907-1920
Halbritter DA, Teets NM, Williams CM, Daniels JC. (2018) Differences in winter cold hardiness support the geographic range disjunction of Neophasia menapia and Neophasia terlooii (Lepidoptera: Pieridae) Journal of Insect Physiology 107:204-211.
Visser B, Williams CM, Hahn DA, Lopez-Martinez GC (2018). Hormetic benefits of prior anoxia exposure in buffering anoxia stress in a soil-pupating insect.  Journal of Experimental Biology 221, doi:10.1242/jeb.167825.
Williams CM, Rocca JR, Edison AS, Allison DB, Morgan TJ, Hahn DA (2018). Cold adaptation does not alter ATP homeostasis during cold exposure in Drosophila melanogaster. Integrative Zoology 13:471-81.
2017
Early career researchers: a conversation with Caroline Williams. Journal of Experimental Biology 220: 2133-2135. Interviewer Kathryn Knight.
Hatle JD, Awan A, Nicholas J, Koch R, Vokrri JR, McCue MD, Williams CM, Davidowitz G, Hahn DA (2017). Life-extending dietary restriction and ovariectomy each have distinct effects on nutrient oxidation and allocation in grasshoppers, especially for leucine. Experimental Gerontology 96:155-161.
Williams CM, Ragland GJ, Betini G, Buckley LB, Cheviron Z, Donohue K, Hereford J, Humphries MM, Lisovski S, Marshall KE, Schmidt PS, Sheldon K, Varpe O, Visser ME (2017). Understanding evolutionary impacts of seasonality: an introduction to the symposium. Integrative and Comparative Biology 57: 921-933.
2016
Williams CM, McCue MD, Sunny NE, Szejner-Sigal A, Morgan TJ, Edison AS, Allison DB, Hahn DA (2016). Cold adaptation increases rates of nutrient flow and metabolic plasticity during cold exposure in Drosophila melanogaster. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. DOI 10.1098/rspb.2016.1317.
Williams CM Ecology: Insect Thermal Baggage. Nature Climate Change (News and Views) 6: 543-544.
Williams CM, Szejner-Sigal AU, Morgan TJ, Edison AS, Allison DB, Hahn DA (2016). Adaptation to low temperature exposure increases metabolic rates independently of metabolic rates. Integrative and Comparative Biology 56: 62-72.
Williams CM, Buckley LB, Sheldon KS, Vickers M, Pörtner H-O, Dowd WW, Gunderson AR, Marshall KE, Stillman JH (2016).  Biological impacts of thermal extremes: mechanisms and costs of functional responses matter. Integrative and Comparative Biology 56: 73-84.
Patterson RE, Kalavalapalli S, Williams CM, Nautiyal M, Mathew J., Martinez J, Reinhard MK, McDougall D, Rocca JR, Yost RA, Cusi K, Garrett TJ, Sunny NE (2016). Lipotoxicity in steatohepatitis occurs despite an increase in TCA cycle activity. American Journal of Physiology: Endocrinology and Metabolism 310:E484-494.
Sunny NE, Kalavalapalli S, Bril F, Garrett TJ, Nautiyal M, Mathew JT, Williams CM, Cusi K (2016). Crosstalk between branched chain amino acids and hepatic mitochondria is compromised in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. American Journal of Physiology: Endocrinology and Metabolism 309:E311-319.
2015
 Williams CM, Sinclair BJ, Chick WD (2015) A cross-seasonal perspective on local adaptation: Cover imageMetabolic plasticity mediates responses to winter in a thermal-generalist moth species. Functional Ecology 29: 549-561. COVER PHOTO.
Williams CM, Henry HAL, Sinclair BJ (2015). Cold truths: how winter drives responses for terrestrial organisms to climate change. Biological Reviews 90:214-235. Recommended, Faculty of 1000.
2014
Williams CM, Watanabe M, Guarracino M, Ferraro MB, Edison AE, Morgan TJ, Boroujerdi AFB, Hahn DA (2014). Cold adaptation shapes the robustness of metabolic networks in Drosophila melanogaster. Evolution 68: 3505-3523.
Clendinen CS, Lee-McMullen B, Williams CM, Stupp G, Vandenborne K, Hahn DA, Walter GA, Edison AS (2014). 13C NMR Metabolomics: Applications at Natural Abundance. Analytical Chemistry 86: 9242-9250.
Williams CM, Nicolai A, Ferguson, LV, Bernards MA, Hellmann JJ, Sinclair BJ (2014). Cold hardiness and deacclimation of overwintering Papilio zelicaon pupae. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology A: Molecular and Integrative Physiology, 178:51-58.
O’Neil ST, Dzurisin JDK, Williams CM, Lobo NF, Higgins JK, Deines JM, Carmichael RD, Zeng E, Tan JC, Wu GC, Emrich SJ, Hellmann JJ (2014). Gene expression in closely-related species mirrors local adaptation: consequences for responses to a warming world. Molecular Ecology 23:2686-2698.
2013
Lake, SL, MacMillan, HA, Williams, CM, Sinclair, BJ (2013). Static and dynamic approaches yield similar estimates of thermal sensitivity of insect metabolism. Journal of Insect Physiology 59:761-766. 
Jensen K, Sanchez-Garcia J, Williams CM, Khare S, Mathur K, Graze RM, Hahn DA, McIntyre LM, Rincon-Limas D, Fernandez-Funez P (2013). Purification of transcripts and metabolites from Drosophila heads. Journal of Visualised Experiments 73: e50245.
Sinclair BJ, Stinziano JR, Williams CM, MacMillan HA, Marshall KE, Storey KB (2013). Real-time measurements of metabolic rate during freezing and thawing of the wood frog, Rana sylvatica: implications for overwinter energy use. Journal of Experimental Biology 216:292-302.
2012
MacMillan HA, Williams CM, Staples JF, Sinclair BJ (2012). Reestablishment of ion homeostasis during insect chill coma recovery. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences U.S.A.doi: 10.1073/pnas.1212788109.
Sinclair BJ, Williams CM; Terblanche JS (2012). Variation in thermal performance among insect populations. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology 85:594-606.
Williams CM, Hellmann JJ, Sinclair BJ (2012). Lepidopteran species differ in susceptibility to winter warming.  Climate Research 53:119-130.
Williams CM, Marshall KE, MacMillan HA, Dzurisin JDK, Hellmann JJ, SinclairBJ (2012). Thermal variability increases the impact of autumnal warming and drives metabolic depression in an overwintering butterfly.  PLoS ONE 7:e34470.
MacMillan HA; Williams CM; Staples JF; Sinclair BJ (2012). Metabolism and energy supply below the critical thermal minimum of a chill-susceptible insect. Journal of Experimental Biology215: 1366-1372.
2011
Williams CM, Thomas RH; MacMillan HA; Marshall KE; Sinclair BJ (2011). Triacylglyceride measurement in small quantities of homogenised insect tissue: comparisons and caveats. Journal of Insect Physiology 57:1602-1613.
Lalouette L; Williams CM; Cottin M; Sinclair BJ; Renault D (2011). Thermal biology of the alien ground beetle Merizodus soledadinus introduced to the Kerguelen Islands. Polar Biology 35: 509-517.
Lalouette L, Williams CM, Hervant F, Sinclair BJ, Renault D (2011). Metabolic rate and oxidative stress in insects exposed to low temperature thermal fluctuations. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology A 158:229-34.
2010
Bazinet AL; Marshall KE; MacMillan HA; Williams CM; Sinclair BJ (2010). Rapid changes in desiccation resistance in Drosophila melanogaster are facilitated by changes in cuticular permeability. Journal of Insect Physiology 56:2006-12.
Williams CM, Pelini SL, Hellmann JJ, Sinclair BJ (2010). Intra-individual variation allows an explicit test of the hygric hypothesis for discontinuous gas exchange in insects. Biology Letters, 6: 274-277.
2009
Pelini SL, Dzurisin JDK, Prior KM, Williams CM, Marsico TD, Sinclair BJ, Hellmann JJ (2009). Translocation experiments with butterflies reveal limits to enhancement of poleward populations under climate change. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences U.S.A.106:11160-5.
2003
Williams CM, Poulin R, Sinclair BJ (2003). Increased haemolymph osmolality suggests a new route for behavioral manipulation of Talorchestia quoyana (Amphipoda: Talitridae) by its mermithid parasite. Functional Ecology 18:685-91.